A 3- to 5-GHz wideband array of connected dipoles with low cross polarization and wide-scan capability


A wideband, wide-scan phased array of connected dipoles has been designed and fabricated. Measured results from a 77 prototype demonstrator are presented for experimental validation. In order to avoid common-mode resonances that typically affect this type of array, loop-shaped transformers are included in the feed network. The common-mode rejection implemented by these transformers allow maintaining the cross-polarization levels to values lower than over a 30% relative bandwidth, for an elevation angle up to 45 in all azimuth planes. The array exhibits a measured voltage standing-wave ratio (VSWR) lower than 2.5 from 3 to 5 GHz for broadside radiation. The VSWR maintains levels lower than 3 within a scan volume of 45 from broadside in all planes.

IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation 61(3), 1148